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Organic

Organic - certified Organic by an internationally recognised certifying body.

BG-BIO-O2

BG-BIO-O2 - This means respecting the principles, rules and requirements of organic farming.

Vegetarian

Vegetarian - contains no meat or fish

Vegan

Vegan - contains no animal products.

Certified Gluten-Free

Certified Gluten-Free - Certified Gluten-Free at less than 10ppm.

Lactose-Free

Lactose-Free - Contains no lactose.

Wild Growth

Wild Growth - Grown naturally without being planted or cared for by humans.

Halal Certified

Halal Certified - The product is permissible or acceptable in accordance with Islamic law.

GMO Free

GMO Free - .

Kosher Certified

Kosher Certified - The product checked the products ingredients, production facility and actual production to ensure all ingredients, derivatives, tools and machinery have no trace of non-kosher substances.

Laboratory Tested

Laboratory Tested - Verifying that personnel have adequate credentials to practise certain disciplines.

Demeter Award

Demeter Award - Women in Agribusiness Demeter Award of Excellence. The award recognizes those who have achieved excellence in their field or demonstrated an extraordinary contribution to the agribusiness industry.

British Great Taste Award-winner

British Great Taste Award-winner -The awards are given in an annual contest open to food and beverage companies that are producing exceptional products.

MSG-Free

MSG-Free - This claim means that the manufacturer has not added MSG into the food.

Laboratory Tested

Lactose-Free - Contains no lactose.

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A SUITABLE ENZYME FOR MELANIN REMOVAL ON LEATHER

Melanin is a class of naturally occurring pigments found in living things. It is produced via a multi-phase biochemical process called melanogenesis. In humans, it manifests as the natural pigment of the skin and hair. Not only is melanin a color pigment, but it also serves the function of protecting the skin and hair from the adverse effects of long term exposure to ultraviolet radiation.

Melanin is also a common component in the leather manufacturing industry. Real leather is made from animal skins/hides, and these skins have melanin. If the melanin pigments are not adequately removed, it leaves the finished leather with a patchy and rough appearance.

There are various methods of extracting melanin content from leather, but the most frequently used are enzymatic reactions. As the leather industry evolves into bioprocessing,  a good number of researchers are carrying out an extensive study on the best enzyme to remove melanin from leather. And the majority of findings have pointed towards one protein- Xylanase.

Xylanase is a group of enzymes that can degrade linear polysaccharide xylan into xylose. It is naturally synthesized by fungi, bacteria, yeast, marine algae, protozoans, snails, crustaceans, insects, seeds, etc.

To successfully remove melanin from leather, Xylanase has to be introduced in large quantities. In a research carried out by a group of Indian scientists on "Enzymatic Removal of Melanin in Enzyme Based Dehairing and Fibre Opening,"  melanin pigments were removed from buff calfskins using various concentrations of Xylanase. It was concluded that the rate of removal of melanin is directly proportional to its concentration with a maximum threshold of 0.5%.

Xylanase was proven to have a 100% capacity to rid leather of melanin pigment. What Xynalase does is sever the bond between the adhering matter (glycan based) present between the epidermal and the melanin layer.

 α-amylase can also serve as a supportive enzyme; it speeds up the melanin removal process.

With these two enzymes, removal of melanin from leather will be a workover.

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